Fitness Trainer Magazine

Fitness Trainer September/October

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mias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart de- fects or genetic predisposition), among others. Signs of heart disease of course depend on the type of condition you have, but there are common ones to consider: • Chest pain • Shortness of breath • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed • Racing or slow heartbeat • Dizziness / near fainting • Nausea • Loss of color in skin • Swelling in legs, arms, abdo- men Here's the tricky part when it comes to fitness profession- als like you and I, chances are we may write off some of these symptoms as a sign of a hard workout, while resting assured that our cardiovascular health is in good standing. However, we have to remember that heart disease is known as The Silent Killer. So without proper, and routine, monitoring of our over- all health we may not know a po- tential danger is surging through our blood vessels. Putting Yourself to the test More than ever we are taking an active role in our health care; be it squeezing in daily workouts, managing meal prep tasks, or in this case – urging our doctors to thoroughly assess our cardiovas- cular health. For instance, there are a number of noninvasive diagnostic tests that go beyond the routine stress test that could quite possibly save your life on and off the fitness floor. • Genetic Testing 9P21, ApoE, KIF6, and IL-1 genotype tests can detect gene variants that may put you at risk for heart attacks or stroke; which is key as more than 50% of Americans carry one or more gene variants. • Imaging Testing The Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) test scans the arterial walls for plaque deposits often known to harden the blood vessel wall leading to restriction. • Insulin Resistance Testing An oral glucose tolerance test could find a dangerously hidden factor among your blood sugar levels, shinning a light on pos- sible insulin resistance. Research has it at 150 million Americans living with insulin resistance, a condition that can cause block- ages and inflammation in the blood vessels. Keep in mind, two leading causes of heart attacks in seem- ingly health people are blood clots and artery spasms. Program notes And let's not forget, your cli- ents are also in that healthy population thanks to your pro- gramming. But one of the most crucial parts of their program should be their notes. The first

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